DATA4WATER 

An ESA BASS-funded feasibility study on continental freshwater in the Godavari basin in India. The Godavari basin is recognized as one of the top 100 priority river basins when it comes to water stress phenomena induced by the acceleration of climate change.

Why the Godavari river basin? 

Linked to different sectors

The Godavari river basin is home to diverse agricultural activities, making it a nexus of energy and agriculture. Besides, it also paves way for efficient water transportation. Finally, the majority of people living in the region depend on the river for drinking water needs. 

Lack of monitoring services

Currently, the basin is poorly gauged due to a lack of comprehensive water monitoring services. This situation presents both opportunities and challenges in terms of water availability. While it points towards the potential for further exploration and development, it also underscores the need for improved infrastructure and attention to ensure sustainable management. River water modeling is essential in this aspect. 

Improving living conditions

Potential to influence (positively) lives of
millions of people in terms of food and
water security. Optimized water management is essential in this regard. 

Godavari River Basin

Geographical Significance

Covers around 9.7% of India’s total geographical area and crosses 5 states, highlighting its vastness and importance.

Population Dependency

Supports 60.6 million lives, underscoring the region’s critical role in sustaining a significant portion of the nation’s populace.

Supports multiple sectors: agriculture, thermal & hydro-power and various industries.

Climatic Challenges

Frequent floods plague certain parts of the basin, while droughts persist in others, pointing to varied and extreme climatic conditions. For instance, the states of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh experienced 3 major floods in the span of 2 months in 2022. 

Measurement Sites

In the realm of in-situ measurements, there are 88 hydro-observation sites and 18 flood forecasting sites (As per a study conducted in 2014), emphasizing the commitment to river water monitoring and management. 

Data Accessibility

Data portals are available at both national and basin levels, ensuring transparency and accessibility to crucial information.

Business and Partnership Opportunities

There’s an ease of business and partnership at the basin level, encompassing research labs, basin management authorities, and water-related businesses.

Administrative Challenges

However, administrative hurdles in forming such partnerships exist, primarily due to restrictive water governance, which can be a barrier for effective collaboration.

BWI’s Goals for Data4water

Identifying the challenges

Identify the unique challenges faced by stakeholders and local authorities in the Godavari basin.

Analysis of issues faced locally

Conduct a detailed analysis of water-related issues affecting locals and river water users.

Understanding our capabilities

Evaluate the capability of BWI to address identified challenges

Consequences on water management

Determine the potential impact of accurate forecasts on enhancing water management practices.

Enhancing efficiency and sustainability

Foster sustainability and operational efficiency by providing actionable insights.

Agriculture and Agrifood sectors: the primary use case

Why these sectors specifically? 

Agriculture and Agrifood sectors heavily rely on river water as their main water source for various activities, including irrigation and manufacturing.

High dependency on the Godavari river basin

BWI has identified 262 farms & 23 food factories along the river!

Challenges and risks associated

Inefficient water pumping practices: over-extraction during low river discharge, exacerbating water scarcity issues and adversely affecting ecosystem health. Poor water quality during low discharge levels lead to habitat degradation, compromised biodiversity, and threats to the well-being of the communities. Frequent drought events and low river discharge levels further contribute to intensifying water scarcity challenges. In addition, there is insufficient real-time data on river discharge in the context of an inconsistent water availability poses a risk to food security and agriculture

Supplementary use case: River Water Replenishment

How is this relevant? 

Low river discharge forecasts prompt water replenishment, and ensure steady, ecosystem-friendly levels. Consequently, it prevents low water levels, and helps safeguard biodiversity and ecosystem health.

BWI’s solution 

A space data-driven hydrological solution 

The solution delineated by BWI is the provisioning of near real-time and forecasts river discharge data, giving out the optimal pumping and replenishment timing information.

Water Availability Optimization for Agriculture

Decision support system for optimal pumping times during low river discharge, minimizing water usage and maintaining lower pollutant concentrations, positively impacting water quality.

Fishery Management

Guidance on optimal pond filling times prevents overuse during low river discharge and on greywater release during high river discharge, maintaining lower pollutants.

Recent progress and current activities

Stakeholders

Number of legal entities on the territory as per BWI’s research

Basin Authority

1

Hydropower Plants

15

Thermal power stations

23

Drinking water treatment plants

88

Major agro-industries

23

Farms

262

Other SMEs and large industries

More than 1000

Irrigation projects (as of 2014)

286

Basin Authority

1

Hydropower Plants

15

Thermal power stations

23

Drinking water treatment plants

88

Major agro-industries

23

Farms

262

Other SMEs and large industries

More than 1000

Irrigation projects (as of 2014)

286