How Indian-French satellite TRISHNA will contribute to environmental science

French-Indian space mission TRISHNA will be launched in 2025. This article delves into how TRISNHA will contribute to hydrology.

TRISHNA, an acronym for Thermal InfraRed Imaging Satellite for High-resolution Natural resource Assessment, represents a significant collaborative effort between Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and the French Space Agency (CNES) in the field of Earth Observation. Set to launch in 2025, TRISHNA aims to revolutionize our understanding of natural resources by leveraging advanced thermal infrared imaging technology. 

Mission Objectives

  1. High-Resolution Natural Resource Assessment: TRISHNA’s primary goal is to provide high-resolution assessments of natural resources, including land and water resources, vegetation health, and land surface temperature distribution.
  2. Environmental Monitoring: By capturing detailed thermal infrared data, TRISHNA will contribute to ongoing environmental monitoring efforts, allowing for the detection and analysis of environmental changes over time.
  3. Support for Sustainable Resource Management: The data collected by TRISHNA will support decision-makers in implementing sustainable resource management practices, ensuring the responsible utilization of natural resources.

Satellite Specifications and Instruments

  1. Thermal Infrared Imaging Technology: TRISHNA will be equipped with state-of-the-art thermal infrared imaging technology capable of capturing detailed temperature data across various surfaces.
  2. High-Resolution Imaging Sensors: The satellite will feature high-resolution imaging sensors to provide detailed and accurate assessments of natural resources with unprecedented clarity.
  3. Data Transmission and Processing Systems: TRISHNA will utilize advanced data transmission and processing systems to efficiently manage and analyze the vast amounts of data collected during its missions.

Applications and Impact

  1. Agriculture: TRISHNA’s thermal infrared imaging capabilities will be instrumental in assessing crop health, detecting water stress, and optimizing agricultural practices to enhance crop yields and food security.
  2. Forestry: The satellite will contribute to the monitoring and management of forest resources by providing valuable insights into forest health, biodiversity, and deforestation trends.
  3. Water Resource Management: TRISHNA will aid in the assessment and monitoring of water resources, including surface water bodies, groundwater, and water quality, supporting sustainable water management strategies.


In a nutshell, the TRISHNA satellite mission represents a significant step forward in Earth observation and natural resource management. By leveraging advanced thermal infrared imaging technology, TRISHNA will provide invaluable data and insights that will inform decision-making processes and support sustainable development efforts in India, France, and beyond.

Temperature sensors